Bladder Cancer – Symptoms and Causes
Bladder Cancer – Symptoms and Causes
Bladder tumors (bladder tumors), bladder (bladder) cancer, and malignant tumors of the bladder are the most common malignancies. Frequent urination, urination, bleeding, urinary incontinence, sudden compression, manifests itself with symptoms such as.
In some types of bladder cancer, the only treatment for the disease can be achieved by removing the bladder (bladder). The patient delayed this operation in cases where the bladder should be taken, the most important reason is that they will carry the bag.
But when they know that there will be no such thing, they make the decision of surgery much earlier, which greatly increases the rate of getting rid of the disease. The bladder (artificial bladder) method is an operation that allows patients to urinate through the normal urine hole in order to provide a more comfortable life.
What are the causes of bladder cancer?
Bladder is a sphere-like organ that stores urine from urinary tract (ureters) from both kidneys called urinary bladder. Malignant tumors from the inner surface of this organ are called bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is more common in men than in women. The leading causes are cigarettes and some factory workers come in contact with chemicals.
What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?
The most important symptom is the presence of painless bleeding from the urine and the arrival of clots. In addition to this, depending on the type of cancer, painful urine, continuous urine, while the last side of the complaints are also called burning. Sometimes this bleeding may not be visible, but is found in the urinalysis.
How is the diagnosis made in bladder cancer?
Abdominal or urinary system ultrasonography can often be used to diagnose bladder mass easily, and can also be diagnosed with upper and lower abdominal CT (Computed Tomography) by intravenous drug administration. However, sometimes with these tests can not be said a definite thing in the video system with a diagnostic camera bladder into the bladder and urinary bladder is made by the method of seeing. After the diagnosis is made, closed TUR Tm (Trans Urethral Resection Tm) is performed by endoscopic camera.
How is TUR Operation done?
General Anesthesia or regional anesthesia. Entering the bladder through the hole of the urinary bladder to take samples from all the layers of the bladder is removed by cutting with a special electrical device. The next day, the patient stands up and usually exits the urine catheter on the 2nd or 3rd day and is discharged.
When should a radical cystectomy be performed?
In this operation, the bladder, prostate, part of the lower urinary tract, seminal vesicles and surrounding lymphatic tissues around the large vessels are removed. It takes 6-8 hours if done in full, after surgery the patient stays in the intensive care unit for at least 24 hours, if necessary, is taken to the room the next day. It is usually removed from the hospital after 10-14 days.
Why is it important to remove and remove the lymph tissue?
This is probably the most important part of radical cystectomy surgery. Removing lymph tissues requires special training and experience. However, the number of lymph nodes removed in this operation, the longer the life span of the patients and the presence of cancer in lymph tissues, the further progression of the disease for progression or progression of the disease can be clearly revealed.
How do patients urinate after the bladder is removed?
The most commonly used method is “ileal conduit”. Two urinary bladders (ureters) are connected to one end of a small intestine piece of 12-15 cm, and the other end of the intestine part is connected to the abdominal skin. Urine from ureters (urine tubes) into this intestine piece is packed in a bag that adheres to the skin and the bag empties as the bag fills. The bag that adheres to the skin should be replaced every 2-3 days. An important alternative to this old method is the so-called “orthotopic bladder”.
What are the advantages of new bladder surgery from the intestine?
If the necessity of taking the bladder is born, it is not easy for the patient to decide on such a large operation and this delay affects the patient life very negatively. The most important advantage of the bladder (artificial bladder) method from the intestine is “not reducing the quality of life” and “being socially acceptable”. It is an operation performed to enable patients to urinate through the normal urine hole in order to provide a more comfortable life.
A section from the intestines is separated into a sphere and the two urinary tracts from the kidneys are connected to it, and one side of the new bladder is connected to the inside of the penis. The surgery is 15-18. The patient is given urine catheter removal and urinating with new bladders. It takes about 4-5 days to learn to urinate, and at the end of this process, patients can completely empty their new bladders.