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PSYCHOLOGY

How is Depression Treated?

How is Depression Treated?

Although the symptoms of depression vary widely, the most common symptoms are sad, anxious or idle mood, hopelessness, pessimism, which persists almost daily for several weeks or months. Depression often brings feelings of guilt, worthless feeling and helplessness. People who are depressed normally do not enjoy the activities they like, and they say that they cannot find power to satisfy their daily and compulsory needs such as dressing and eating. Mostly family and relatives realize this change in person, but they don’t know how to help.

Especially in severe depression such as major depression, no treatment can cause serious problems. Untreated depression can lead to life-threatening conditions such as alcohol, drug addiction. It may cause problems in the workplace and cause more damage over time by weakening the relationships of people with their environment.

Clinical depression, also known as major depression, is a serious discomfort that affects the body, thought and emotion status of individuals. It is not possible for individuals who are depressed to disappear from the situation they are in. Clinical treatment, which does not require the necessary treatment methods such as psychotherapy and antidepressant use, can last for months or even years.

What are the types of depression?

Depression can manifest itself in many different types; clinical depression and dysthymic disorder. Depression is categorized as mild, moderate and severe depression according to severity. Accurate detection of the type of depression is of great importance in order to maintain the treatment process correctly.

Clinical Depression

Clinical depression is the most severe type of depression. Stubborn sadness, hopelessness, feeling worthless, such as negative emotions and spontaneous recovery is not possible. In order for a person to be diagnosed with clinical depression, he or she should be able to meet five or more of the following conditions over a period of two weeks;

-Feeling depressed in the majority of the day
-Reduction of interest in daily activities
-Significant weight gain or decrease
-Severe insomnia or non-wake
-Slowdown in thoughts and movements
-Feeling exhausted / tired in the majority of the day
-Difficulty focusing and deciding
-Repeated death or suicidal thoughts

Major Depressive Disorder with Atypical Properties

Atypical depressive disorder, which is evaluated in the category of major depressive disorders, manifests itself in individuals with certain behavioral patterns. Emotional states of people experiencing atypical depression show severe changes compared to external stimuli. Excessive joy is seen in the face of good news and extreme sadness in bad news. Atypical depression usually begins for the first time in his youth and continues throughout his adult life. People who experience atypical depression usually have the following symptoms;

Significant increase in weight
Significant increase in appetite
Dense drowsiness
Feeling of weight in the arms and legs
Rejection rejection

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum depression evaluated among major types of depression is a type of depression encountered during pregnancy or during the four weeks following delivery. Although it is not known exactly why the postpartum depression is seen in 10-15% of the women who give birth, it is often the symptoms of severe sadness, constant crying, intense anxiety and hopelessness in women who have postpartum depression.

Seasonal Feeling Disorder

Seasonal mood disorder is differentiated from other types of depression when seen in certain seasons. Seasonal mood disorders, especially in the winter periods when daylight decreases, affect 1% -2% of the population and are usually seen in women and adolescents. People with seasonal mood disorders show a completely different appearance in the winter than they are in summer; Seasonal mood disturbance, which is usually a desperate, sad, stressed and unrelated image, continues until the first spring summer, when the days start in the autumn-winter period.

Major Depression with Melancholic Features

People with major melancholy-major depression begin to enjoy almost no activity at all, and are expected to exhibit at least three of the following symptoms in order to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder;

Enjoy most of all / enjoy activities
Unresponsiveness to good events
Differentiation in psychomotor behavior
Severe guilt
Insomnia
Increase in depression in the morning

Major Depressive Disorder with Psychotic Features

Major depressive disorder with hallucinations and delusions is called psychotic major depression. People with psychotic major depression may state that they hear voices that they are worthless and do not deserve to live.

Major Depressive Disorder with Catatonic Properties

Severe deterioration of psychomotor behavior is seen in people with catatonic major depression. At least two of the following symptoms should be observed in catatonic depression:

Inactivity of muscles
Muscle movements without cause
Severe negativity or no speech
Unusual body position
Repeating others’ words and actions

Dysthymic Disorder

Dysthymia is one of the mild but chronic forms of depression. Symptoms usually last for at least two years. Dysthymic disorder affects the life of the individual more negatively than clinical depression because the symptoms manifest themselves for a longer period of time. In people with dysthymic disorder, symptoms such as reduced interest in daily activities, low self-esteem, decreased productivity and low self-esteem are common. Persons with dysthymic disorder are generally defined as individuals who are critically, continuously complaining and cannot enjoy life.

How is Depression Treated?

Recent research shows that depression is a highly curable disease. Antidepressants and psychotherapy are the most preferred methods in the treatment of moderate and severe depression. Mostly, it is seen that the success rate is higher in depression treatments where two methods are applied together. Recently, research in this area shows that speech therapies are the most effective treatment method especially in the mild forms of depression. In particular, cognitive-behavioral therapy is one of the most effective treatment modalities in helping people with depression to change their way of thinking and to form positive cognition patterns.

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