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PSYCHOLOGY

What is Insomnia?

What is Insomnia?

What is Acute Insomnia?

It usually takes from 1 day to 3 weeks. It can be caused by foreign presence, situational stress, acute medical illness or pain, shift work, caffeine or alcohol. If the insomnia does not produce a self-worsening cycle due to reasons such as poorly learned behaviors and anxiety about sleep (conditioned insomnia), it usually improves with time. The underlying cause of the treatment should be resolved. Medical treatment should be initiated under the supervision of a specialist physician. Stress reduction techniques should be recommended.

What Is Chronic Insomnia?

Primary chronic sleep disorders
Chronic insomnia consists of 3 sub-types.

Condition-related or psychophysiological insomnia is actually an anxiety disorder caused by insomnia and fear of its consequences.
Misinterpretation of the sleep state is an inconsistency between the sleep recorded by the patient and the patient’s perceived sleep
Idiopathic insomnia usually lasts a lifetime and is usually diagnosed by exclusion of other causes.
Cognitive-behavioral techniques have been shown to have the best efficacy in the long term.
Secondary Chronic Sleep Disorders

Psychiatric Diseases

More than 50 percent of all insomnia is the most common cause of chronic insomnia. Treatment can be by treatment of the underlying psychiatric disorder with an effective, well-tolerated agent.

 Restless Leg Syndrome

In women, two more than males are a syndrome consisting of complaints of numbness and discomfort, which are only experienced in the evenings or even at night, or which are more likely to be worse when compared to day. Complaints are flared up with insomnia. The underlying biochemical and anotomic pathologies are unknown. However, chronic renal failure, iron deficiency, rheumatoid arthritis, antidepressant use and may occur secondary to pregnancy. Complaints can be reduced by medical treatment.

 Circadian Rhythm Disorders

It is a group of diseases where the biological clock of the body is not compatible with the time of the actual watch. This may cause difficulty in sleeping in appropriate conditions and times and / or somnolence during daytime. The seizure is a common disorder in most people who work voluntarily or night shifts or travel against time.

Substance Use (alcohol caffeine)

Drugs / Medical / Neurological Disorders

Pain, respiratory failure, frequent urinary insomnia are the most common medical reasons. Disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and multiinfarction dementia may cause insomnia with involvement in sleep centers. Antidepressants, decongestants, corticosteroids can cause insomnia. Treatment is possible with the underlying cause treatment.

How should a healthy sleep be?

In a part of sleepless people, only the regulation of sleep hygiene can benefit significantly. The following points should be observed for sleep hygiene:

Not being too hungry or right,
Avoid caffeine, alcoholic, cola drinks and tobacco use,
Doing regular exercise, but avoiding activities that create excitement in the evening,
Not going to bed before sleep comes,
Use the bedroom only for sleep and sexual intercourse,
If you cannot sleep, try not to sleep, go out of bed and bedroom and spend time in another place and return to bed when you sleep
Get up in the morning at a certain time
To sleep during the day and to isolate the bedroom sound, light, heat.

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