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What is Muscle Spasm? Symptoms and Treatment

What is Muscle Spasm? Symptoms and Treatment

They are usually painful, sudden and involuntary contractions that can hold the muscles. Almost everyone can be seen, but it is more common in adults and the elderly. It can affect many muscles in the body or cause different symptoms. The most common type is the spasms of skeletal muscles. In general, injury to the muscles, overuse, electrolyte imbalance in the body and the body due to loss of water may also develop due to other reasons. Apart from skeletal muscles, organs such as the uterus, intestine, biliary tract and blood vessel walls may also be exposed to cramps. Most muscle spasms are temporary, but sometimes cramps may recur regularly. In this case, a person must get medical help. Treatment of hot and cold compresses, medication, exercise, massage, such as different methods can be used.

Causes muscle spasm ?

Mineral deficiency: Muscle spasms are common in people with calcium, potassium, sodium and magnesium deficiency. In this case, doctors usually prescribe muscle relaxants containing these minerals.

Dehydration: Excessive loss of water (dehydration) is another factor that can cause muscle spasms. The increase in muscle spasms, especially after exercise, depends on dehydration. However, hot and humid air can also trigger dehydration, leading to spasms.

Inadequate blood flow: Inadequate blood flow in the legs and feet, especially in exercising people, may lead to extremely severe contractions. Person; he may experience cramps while exercising, walking or participating in other activities.

Nerve compression: The compression of the nerves in the spine (spinal nerve entrapment) is another cause of muscle contractions in the legs. Pain and pain in the legs are often more noticeable in long walks.

Excessive use of muscles: lawn mowing, snow shoveling, etc. muscle spasms can be seen in people who carry out professions that cause excessive use of neck, shoulder and back muscles. Such spasms generally tend to spontaneously overact when overactivity is avoided. Activities that cause the muscles to shake in the same position over a long period of time, such as sitting on the computer for hours, can trigger muscle tension.

Obesity etc. A number of disorders: the body’s muscle muscles that cause stretching obesity, the most important cause of contractions in the lower and upper muscles of the neck. People with diabetes, anemia, thyroid problems, kidney disease are at risk.

Nervous system-related diseases: Spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic sclerosis, and nervous system diseases are mostly associated with muscle spasms.

Frequent use of certain medications: Occasionally, side effects of certain medications may include muscle spasms.

Exercises for muscle spasm and cramps

Physical therapy has an important place in the treatment of muscle spasms which have become continuous. At this stage, you need to do the movements recommended by the physical therapist regularly. Especially people sitting for long hours at the beginning of the tongs, starting with the day warming and relaxation movements, can prevent the formation of cramps.

Yoga, pilates and swimming; Some other effective methods to treat muscle spasms. 2-3 times a week after a 30-minute swimming activity can strengthen your muscles and relax. Pain in the back and neck muscles and those who want to get rid of contractions can be interested in swimming sport.

 

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